Adrian II

A member of the same family as Popes Stephen IV and Sergius III, Adrian II had twice refused the papacy before his election in 867. Born in 792, he was married before his election, and some scholars say that he refused celibacy. His papacy was troubled: the Duke of Spoleto inexplicably pillaged Rome after Adrian’s election. Adrian’s family was murdered in 868 by a relative of Anastasius the Librarian, possibly with his assistance. The pope had difficulties with Lothair II that ended with the emperor’s death in 869; the pope anathametized Patriarch Photios of Constantinople, an act upheld by the fourth council of Constantinople. Adrian supported the missionary work of Sts. Cyril and Methodius among the Slavs. His last public act as pope was to crown Louis II Holy Roman Emperor at Pentecost, 872. Adrian died that fall.

More about Adrian II from Wikipedia

Pope Adrian II (Latin: Adrianus PP. II, Italian: Adriano II; 792 – 14 December 872) was Pope from 14 December 867 to his death in 872.[1] He was a member of a noble Roman family who became pope at an advanced age.

Contents

  • 1 Pontificate
  • 2 Writings
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

Pontificate

He maintained, but with less energy, the policies of his predecessor Nicholas I. Lothar II, king of Lotharingia, who died in 869, left Adrian to mediate between the Frankish kings with a view to assuring the Holy Roman Emperor Louis II the inheritance of Lothar II, Louis’s brother.[2] Adrian sought to maintain good relations with Louis, since the latters campaigns in southern Italy had the potential to free the papacy from the threat posed by the Muslims.[3]

Photius, the Patriarch of Constantinople, shortly after the council in which he had pronounced sentence of deposition against Pope Nicholas I, was driven from the patriarchate by a new emperor, Basil the Macedonian, who favoured his rival Ignatius. An Ecumenical Council (Considered the 8th Ecumenical Council by the Catholic Church) was convoked as the Fourth Council of Constantinople to decide this matter. At this council Adrian was represented by legates who presided at the condemnation of Photius as a heretic, but did not succeed in coming to an understanding with Ignatius on the subject of jurisdiction over the Bulgarian church.[2]

Like his predecessor Nicholas I, Adrian was forced to submit in temporal affairs to the interference of the emperor Louis II, who placed him under the surveillance of Arsenius, bishop of Orte, his confidential adviser, and Arsenius’ nephew Anastasius, the librarian.[2]

Adrian had in his youth married a woman named Stephania, by whom he had a daughter, and both were still living at his election, following which they lived with him in the Lateran Palace. They were carried off and assassinated by Anastasius’ brother Eleutherius in 868.[2]

Adrian died in 872 after exactly five years as pope.[2]

Writings

  • Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes

References

  1. ^ Laughton 1913.
  2. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ Christopher Kleinhenz (2 Aug 2004). “Hadrian II, Pope”. Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 9781135948795. Hadrian sought to alienate no one in Rome, while also maintaining good relations with Louis II, whose campaigns in the south might free the papacy from the threat posed by the Muslims. 
Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Adrian s.v. II”. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 215. 
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Loughlin, James Francis (1907). “Pope Adrian II”. In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
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